Jubb – Thomas (1789-1842)

Life Events :

  • Born : 1789, Yorkshire
  • Married : 24 May 1814 in Thorne, Yorkshire to Hannah Huddlestone
  • Died : 16 December 1842 in Leeds. Cause of death, typhus.
Children :
  • Henry – 12 March 1815 (my 2 x gt-grandfather)
  • Ann – 11 October 1816
  • Charles – 3 January 1819
  • Sarah – 1 July 1821
  • Harriet – 15 August 1824
  • Eliza – 4 March 1827
  • Thomas – 13 September 1829

Thomas lived through turbulent times of wars and important social rebellions, which lead to reforms in employment law with the Factory Act of 1833 and the Poor Law Act in 1834. I don’t know if these events would affect him and his family directly but it is interesting to learn what was happening around the country during this time. So many important historic events during his 53 years that it is impossible to list them all. Go to BBC History Timelines for more.

British Historic Events :

  • 1789 – Hull MP William Wilberforce’s first speech for the abolition of slavery in the House of Commons. How’s that for a link to the city in which many of Thomas’s descendants would settle?
  • 1801 – The formation of the United Kingdom by the Act of Union
  • 1805 – Britons rule the waves once more with victory at the battle of Trafalgar
  • 1815 – The end of the Napoleonic Wars with victory at the battle of Waterloo
  • 1837 – Victoria comes to the throne, the fourth monarch during Thomas’s lifetime
  • 1842 – The introduction of Income Tax by Robert Peel’s Conservative Government

I don’t know where Thomas was born, except it was in Yorkshire according to the 1841 census return. By 1814 at the age of 25 he was living in Thorne where he married local girl Hannah Huddlestone. The couple had seven children over the next 14 years, all baptised in the parish church of St. Nicholas.

Thorne St Nicholas

Thomas’s occupation is named as cordwainer or shoemaker in the baptism registers for all of his children. For this profession, he would have served a 7 year apprenticeship under a master cordwainer. This could be someone he was indentured to or it could be his father if that was his profession.

Cordwainer or cobbler – A cordwainer or shoe maker was highly skilled and worked with new leather, making shoes, boots or other leather goods. A cobbler just repairs shoes, he might make shoes from the recycled leather of old shoes but under the guild system, cobblers were not permitted to work with new leather.

Thomas is listed as a shoe maker in Baines 1822 (no address for any of the tradespeople just a list of names and trades) and in Pigots 1834 Directory, located in Market Place. There are some fabulous old photographs of Thorne’s market place on this History of Thorne website, obviously later than Thomas’s time but still, I wonder which of those buildings housed Thomas’s shop! Also listed in the directories is a John Jubb, shoemaker in various locations in Thorne over the years. From the records I have found, John is about 10 years older than Thomas and although I can’t find any evidence of it, I do wonder if they were brothers working together.

The Thorne of Thomas and Hannah’s time was a busy market town. I have abbreviated this description from Baines’ Directory of 1822 which I think gives a feel for the town at that time :

THORNE is a small but brisk market town, situated on the south bank of the Don, which 4 miles from Thorne, enters a canal. The market is on Wednesday, and a good deal of business is transacted at it. Thorne is a place of considerable trade which is much approved by its navigation. There
are on the banks of the river, at the quay and at a place called Hangman-hill, ship builder?s
and raff merchants? yards and wharfs for the landing of merchandise. The surrounding
country is for the most part fertile, but low and monotonous.
Towards the south-east lies the flat country which forms the western side of the Isle of
Aixholm, in Lincolnshire, and on the South is the level of Hatfield chase.
The population of the township of Thorne is 3463.

In the Directory are listed the transport and postal services as well as local trades people. There were three coaches a day running between Sheffield/Doncaster and Hull, picking up and dropping off at Thorne, some of them meeting the steam packets running daily to and from Hull from Thorne Quay and several times a week there were the carriers carts for haulage and often cheap passenger transport. I get the impression of a really busy little town from this directory.

The town was also very well served by pubs, there are thirteen listed in this fascinating article about the transport options in 19th century Thorne, two of which were in the Market Place, I wonder if our Thomas popped for an ale or two now and again.

By 1841, Thomas and Hannah, with daughter Sarah and son Thomas were in Leeds. They are on the census living on New Huddersfield Road. Sadly later that year, Hannah died of phthisis, which is TB and then a year later ion 16th December December 1842, Thomas died of typhus fever at the age of 53. Typhus was a fairly common cause of death in the nineteenth century being caused and spread by body lice and fleas. Due to the unsanitary conditions that working class people lived in, diseases such as typhus spread very easily. He was buried on 20th December 1842 in the parish of St. Mark’s, Woodhouse, Leeds.

Thomas was listed in the 1842 Directory, snappily titled “Directory and Topography of the Borough of Leeds and the whole of the Clothing District of the West Riding of Yorkshire” by William White as a Shoemaker of New Huddersfield. So, he was still working in Leeds up to his death.

Front cover of the Leeds Clothing District Directory of 1842
Thomas Jubb’s Directory listing

So, what of their children? Well, Sarah and Thomas were with their parents In Leeds. Sarah’s occupation is shown as FS (female servant) and Thomas at aged 11 has no occupation listed. I haven’t located Charles or Eliza as yet but there being no further Thorne parish register entries for them, I don’t think any of them stayed in Thorne. Eldest son Henry has moved to Hull and married Elizabeth and they have a young family.

Ann has also married, to Henry Snowball (what a fabulous name!) and they and their two young sons were living close to her parents in New Huddersfield Road. Ann was the informant and was present at her father’s death. Harriet married William Waller, a schoolmaster, they and their children moved to Leeds. More of these stories on the Jubb Miscellany page.

The next chapter of my Jubb family story continues with Henry